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Developments in Iraq in the winter of 2018

Blog ID : #945
Publish Date : 2018 Apr 08 17:49
View Count : 262
Author : Dr. Ja'far Haq
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Developments in Iraq in the winter of 2018
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Developments in Iraq in the winter of 2018


Dr. Ja'far Haq Panah


During the current period, in addition to the ongoing security and political issues in Iraq, this country faces new issues such as the beginning of the reconstruction of the destroyed areas in the western and the Sunni provinces; the redefinition of the alignment of political groups; redefinition of the relations between Baghdad and Erbil; as well as the formation of new circumstances in Iraq's foreign relations with global and regional powers. The above issues will also affect the social and political environment of the country and the electoral processes of the parliament and provincial councils in the spring of 1397, as well as the process of shaping the power relations and Iraq's internal and external policy in the post-ISIS period.


Iraq's strict measures in reopening some border crossings with Iran, in addition to the dissatisfaction of the merchants and villagers in these areas, have caused further problems in Iran's economic relations with Iraqi Kurdistan and endangered the low presence of Iranian goods in this thriving market.


Due to the weakness of the strategic economic ties between Baghdad and Tehran, concluding small and nonsignificant agreements such as a swap contract with a very limited volume of 60,000 barrels, and the transfer of Kirkuk oil to the Kermanshah refinery through oil trucks against the delivery of the same value at the southern terminals of our country are not considered as effective solutions.


Heydar al-Abadi tries to use its foreign policy as an instrument to expand its relations with important and influential governments and stabilize its position during the parliamentary and provincial elections to be held in May 2018 by means of two great achievements of his government, namely, maintaining his country's integrity in curbing Kurdish nationalism as well as removing the ISIS caliphate.


Given the fact that the control of regional power and influence of our country, especially in the Middle East, is more evident in the new strategies of the United States, Iraq can turn into a Tehran-Washington rebound, a phenomenon that is not at all acceptable to the Iraqi government and it tries to prevent it.

After lots of consultations and preparations, the International Conference for Reconstruction of Iraq was held in Kuwait on 12 -14 February 2018. Choosing Kuwait as the host of the conference, instead of a country like Turkey, which has the largest volume of trade and investment in Iraq among all other countries in the Middle East, indicates the determination of Baghdad and most of the Arab capitals to resort to a so-called “arabization campaign”.


Although Dr. Zarif's speech addressed our country's political and security approach to the future of Iraq, but the regrettable worth nothing issue is the low presence of Iranian companies, both public and private, and the reluctance to make use of this opportunity to stabilize the presence and strengthen alliances with that country.


Undoubtedly, the loss of economic opportunities and the control of rivals in the economic, trade and transit fields of Iraq in the future will have political and security implications for the Islamic Republic of Iran and this reality necessitates the resolution of this issue in future policies vis-à-vis Iraq along with an economic review of other matters.



“ Developments in Iraq in the winter of 2018 ”